2014-01-22 21:40:19 - New Defense market report from Business Monitor International: "Sudan Defence & Security Report Q1 2014"
Defence expenditure in Sudan has fluctuated markedly in recent years. In 2008, the country was spending around US$2.8bn per year on defence. Figures for 2013 indicate that Sudan has spent US$2.3bn on defence, leaving the budget largely unchanged from 2012. It is expected to maintain a defence budget of US$2.4bn in 2014, with this figure rising in 2015 to circa US$2.5bn. BMI expects the defence budget to experience a further rise in 2016 to US$2.7bn, before rising again to US$3bn at the end of the forecast period in 2017. Security concerns are the key factors which will influence the increases in defence spending expected to be witnessed towards the end of the forecast period.
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the exception of two years during the forecast period 2001-2009, the size of the Sudanese armed forces has remained broadly the same. Moreover, Sudan is a major importer of military equipment with the country sourcing materiel from suppliers in Russia and China. Sudan is also thought to have purchased materiel from Iran. As the country has no defence manufacturing base of note, it is forced to rely on external suppliers to meet the needs of its armed forces.
Sudan suffers from terrorism, civil war, external conflict and a high level of criminal activity. All of these factors conspire to make the country relatively unsafe. Moreover, there appears to be no immediate prospect of its overall security improving in the coming years.
In late September 2013, Sudanese security forces shot dead 200 anti-government protestors in the country's capital, Khartoum. The incident represented one of the most brutal crackdowns against the government's opposition in recent years, and triggered disquiet in some quarters of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the military. Even the government has tried to distance itself from the action, blaming what it terms unnamed 'armed groups' for the violence. One of the government's responses has been to perform a cabinet reshuffle in early December 2013, although the move has not bought any fresh blood to the higher echelons of government and is being seen merely as a concession to cool opposition. Sackings include Ali Osman Taha, President al-Bashir's deputy, and Nafie ali Nafi, Bashir's assistant. Appointments include General Bakri Hassan Salih, to replace Taha, along with several other veteran NCP cronies.
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