2013-02-20 05:25:12 - New Country Reports market report from Business Monitor International: "Kenya Business Forecast Report Q2 2013"
Although we think that the forthcoming Kenyan elections will proceed relatively peacefully, we highlight several security problems, including rising Islamic extremism, inter-religious tensions, ethnic cleavages and the authorities' response to rising secessionist tendencies, which could provide the basis for instability before, during or after the vote. We believe that Nairobi, Coast Province and Northeastern Province are particularly significant risk areas over the next quarter or so.
Raila Odinga is the favourite to win the presidency but it will be a tight race and could very well go to a second round. A victory for the coalition, which includes Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto, will make relations with foreign powers extremely complicated given their upcoming trials at the International Criminal Court.
Report Details at
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We maintain our view that Kenyan economic growth will accelerate over the course of 2013 as improving macroeconomic conditions and the passage of elections bolster investor and consumer confidence.
Following the Kenyan central bank's decision to reduce the benchmark lending rate by 150 basis points to 9.50% on January 10, we maintain our view that there will be 300bps of total reductions over the course of 2013 - implying a year-end rate of 8.00%. The authorities will be keen to nurture a nascent economic recovery and relatively muted inflationary pressures will allow them to do so.
Major Forecast Changes
We have increased our forecasts for Kenya's fiscal deficit in the 2012/13 fiscal year and, for the years thereafter, following the approval by parliament of a supplementary budget. We maintain our view that the authorities will be able to cover these shortfalls over the medium term. However, we highlight that there is a risk that the public sector debt load will become unsustainable and that the private sector will be crowded out of bank borrowing if there are not concerted efforts to increase revenues and contain spending.
Key Risks To Outlook
The weather poses risks to our views on growth, inflation, the currency and the balance of payments position. Another season of inadequate rain would undoubtedly have negative ramifications for all of these.
Another major risk stems from political stability. Although by no means our core scenario, we cannot rule out the possibility of a repeat of the unrest that followed the last election in 2007 at the vote scheduled for March 2013. Other political risks stem from simmering religious and ethnic tensions mainly in the Coast Province and from International Criminal Court trials scheduled to take place in April 2013, shortly after the election, for the men accused of fomenting the 2007 election violence. An escalation of any one of these issues could have negative implications for the economy.
Our core scenario for Kenyan growth assumes a mild recession in Europe. If the situation ends up being far worse (eg, a breakup of the eurozone), Kenya would be negatively affected through its trade and financial links, not only with Europe, but the rest of the world as well.
Partial Table of Contents:
Major Forecast Changes
Key Risks To Outlook
Chapter 1: Political Outlook
BMI Political Risk Ratings
Domestic Politics I
Elections: Assessing Potential Flashpoints
- Although we think that the forthcoming Kenyan elections will proceed relatively peacefully, we highlight several security problems, including rising Islamic extremism, inter-religious tensions, ethnic cleavages and the authorities' response to rising secessionist tendencies, that could provide the basis for instability before, during or after the vote. We believe that Nairobi, Coast Province and Northeastern Province are particularly significant risk areas over the next quarter or so.
TABLE: POLITICAL OVERVIEW
Domestic Politics II
Odinga Favourite To Win A Tight Presidential Race
- Although Raila Odinga is the favourite to win the Kenyan presidential election, it will be a tight race and could very well go to a second round. A victory for the coalition, which includes Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto, will make relations with foreign powers extremely complicated given their upcoming trials at the International Criminal Court. Furthermore, the basis for the formation of electoral alliances shows that Kenyan politics remains ethnically polarised .
Long-Term Political Outlook
Elections Loom Large
- Kenya faces many obstacles on the road towards a mature post-ethnic democracy. The first major one comes in March when the country goes back to the polls for the first time since the violent vote in 2007. Although a repeat of the violence is not likely in our view, the country remains ethnically polarised and will continue to be vulnerable to instability until meaningful steps towards reconciliation are made. Furthermore, military involvement in neighbouring Somalia risks stoking tensions between Muslims living in Kenya and their Christian counterparts.
Chapter 2: Economic Outlook
BMI Economic Risk Ratings
Investment And Consumption Lead Growth As Confidence Improves
Full Table of Contents is available at:
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