2014-01-09 10:00:06 - Qatar Business Forecast Report Q1 2014 - a new country guide report on companiesandmarkets.com
Qatar´s short-term political risk profile remains among the most stable in the region. Despite enjoying little in the way of democratic freedom, Qataris benefit from massive hydrocarbon wealth which is spread generously across the country´s native population and enjoy the highest per capita GDP in the world. A small population - and one without much inclination to protest against the government - will keep the country insulated from large-scale public unrest in the immediate term.
Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani became the new ruler of Qatar in June 2013, in a peaceful handover from his father, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa. The 33-year-old Emir´s first public address and the composition of his new cabinet suggest that policy continuity will be the
order of the day, in line with our view.
Qatar´s economic growth will be largely driven by the non-hydrocarbon sector over 2014, with expanding domestic consumption and progress on infrastructure investments fuelling economic activity. However, weaker performance in the hydrocarbon sector will drag down overall growth, and we expect Qatar´s real GDP to expand by 5.4% in 2014, down from 6.2% in 2012 and an estimated 5.7% in 2013.
We project average consumer price inflation in Qatar to rise to 4.0% in 2014, up from 1.9% in 2012 and our forecast of 3.5% for 2013.
Rising rental rates will continue to constitute the main inflationary force, on the back of a sharply growing population and an undersupply of affordable housing.
Given the economy´s heavy reliance on the hydrocarbon sector, a pronounced global economic downturn â if it were to translate into a sustained drop-off in demand for oil and gas â could impact negatively on our forecasts for Qatar´s external account position, budget and growth outlook. That said, we highlight that the country´s US$115bn sovereign wealth fund â as well as its continuing ability to tap into international debt markets â provides the economy with significant bulwarks against these risks.
The Qatari government´s increasingly assertive foreign policy raises some risks in relation to the outlook for regional political stability.
In particular, we highlight the potential for the country´s foreign policy to provoke a backlash in the region and the danger that the government could become bogged down in a drawn-out conflict in the Middle East.
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